Glagol v hiperprostoru: medsebojno vplivanje med prozodijo, morfologijo in semantiko v zahodnih južnoslovanskih glagolih (N6-0113)

Hyperspacing the Verb: The interplay between prosody, morphology and semantics in the Western South Slavic verbal domain

The project aims to answer core questions of semantics, morphology and phonology by investigating their rich interactions in the (de)verbal domain in Western South Slavic (WSS: Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian). The initial observation is that in WSS, prosodic patterns abundantly act as markers of different dimensions of structural relatedness (Marvin 2003, Simonović & Arsenijević 2014). Three dimensions: morphological relatedness (the continuum between inflection and derivation), semantic relatedness (transparency vs. idiosyncrasy) and prosodic faithfulness (to the base, to an affix or a default) display systematic correlation. Testing this trend against a large corpus of data constitutes the core of our research. While our agenda is novel, the observed interplay of factors is a perfect testing ground for a range of long established linguistic questions, such as:

- How are verbs represented? Where does the information on prosody, theme vowels and different bases reside?

- Are the observed interdependencies (prosody-semantics-morphology) better analysed in a lexicalist (e.g. Optimal Paradigms, McCarthy 2005) or in a non-lexicalist approach (e.g. Distributed Morphology, Halle & Marantz 1993)?

- Is prosodic prominence of derivational affixes specified in the lexicon or structurally assigned?

- What is an adequate representation for verbal aspect?

- How do category-mixing morphological operations (forming participles, nominalisations) map on the continuum between prototypical inflection and derivation?

- How are loan verbs morphologically incorporated?

- Are homonymous affixes (WSS: -je, -en, -n, -l) better analysed as the same suffix and what are the theoretical consequences of this move?

Systematic interactions between prosody, morphology and semantics have only been scarcely investigated (e.g. De Belder et al. 2014, Lowenstamm 2015) and typically on languages such as English and Dutch, in which prosodic contrast is the result of the cyclic application of the stress rule rather than of lexical stress. In WSS lexical stress and pitch-accent systems, a much richer set of regularities surfaces much more visibly, enabling unprecedented insights into the interface. This is the first research to use these highly potent insights as a window into a wide range of general and specific issues in the interfaced domains, from prosody assignment or category change, to the lexicalism debate or the status of paradigms. It is particularly innovative that we explore minimal pairs for multipurpose affixes, barely noticed in the literature and amply attested in WSS.

Our research is based on standard methods (innovated where insufficient): the access to the empirical data is through corpus methods, while modelling tools of Optimality Theory, Formal Semantics and Distributed Morphology are used for analytic and explanatory purposes. To the best of our knowledge this is the first research that applies these methods to a data set which comprises a whole categorial class (WSS verb morphology).

Projektna skupina:

Franc Marušič (vodja) – Univerza v Novi Gorici (sicris) (2019-)
Petra Mišmaš – Univerza v Novi Gorici (sicris) (1. 10. 2019-31. 12. 2019, 1. 7. 2020-)
Rok Žaucer – Univerza v Novi Gorici (sicris) (2019-)
Marko Simonović – Univerza v Novi Gorici (sicris) (1. 7. 2020-31. 12. 2020)

Projektna skupina na partnerski instituciji Univerzi v Gradcu (Avstrija):

Boban Arsenijević (vodja) (2019-)
Marko Simonović (1. 10. 2019-30. 6. 2020, 21. 12. 2020-)
Petra Mišmaš (1. 1. 2020-30. 6. 2020)
Stefan Milosavljević (2019-)

Trajanje, tip, obseg, financiranje projekta:

Trajanje projekta: 1.10.2019–30.9.2022
Tip projekta: temeljni projekt – manjši; kategorija B (partnerski, z Univerzo v Gradcu)
Financer: Javna agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije.
(Financer avstrijskega dela projekta (na Univerzi v Gradcu): Avstrijski znanstveni sklad FWF.)

Projekt v bazi Sicris: Povezava


Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “Dozoreti, obogateti, izgoreti … o netožilniških glagolih v slovenščini ”, predavanje na konferenci Škrabčevi dnevi 12, Nova Gorica (na spletu) (8. 10. 2021)

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “Two verbal cycles : stress, theme vowels and root allomorphy”, predavanje na konferenci Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages 14, Univerza v Leipzigu (na spletu) (2.–4. 6. 2021).

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “We thought it was special, but it’s not : (non-)local allomorphy in Slovenian”, predavanje na konferenci Olomouc Linguistics Colloquium, Univerze Palackega v Olomoucu (na spletu) (10.–12. 6. 2021).

Milosavljević, Stefan, Marko Simonović, Boban Arsenijević, Petra Mišmaš, Franc Marušič in Rok Žaucer. “Do Slavic secondary imperfectives contain multiple theme vowels?”, predavanje na konferenci Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics 30, Tehnološki inštitut Massachusettsa (MIT, na spletu) (13.–16. 5. 2021).

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “What Slovenian unaccusatives tell us about theme vowels”, poster/bliskpredavanje na konferenci Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics 30, Tehnološki inštitut Massachusettsa (MIT, na spletu) (13.–16. 5. 2021).

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “Netožilniški glagoli, tematski vokali in slovenščina v okviru razpršene morfologije”, predavanje na konferenci Slavistični znanstveni premisleki: Izzivi slavistike v 21. stoletju, Univerza v Mariboru (na spletu) (13.–15. 5. 2021).

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “Roots pretending to be theme vowels : e/i in Slovenian”, predavanje na konferenci Theme vowels in V(P) Structure and beyond (ThV2021), Univerza v Gradcu (na spletu) (22.–23. 4. 2021).

Mišmaš, Petra in Marko Simonović. “Why kl~kolj, br~ber, v~ved, but never kl~br or kolj~ber? Restrictions on the phonological shape of root allomorphs in Slovenian”, predavanje na konferenci OCP 18 (18th Old World Conference on Phonology), Univerza Balearskih otokov (na spletu) (29. 1. 2021)

Arsenijević, Boban in Marko Simonović. “Linearisation without hierarchy: Transitive roots and Phasal spellout”, poster/bliskpredavanje na konferenci “LCAD: Linearising Constituents across Domains 2020”, University College London, Blejski inštitut in Univerza v Novi Gorici (na spletu) (15.-16. 10. 2020)

Simonović, Marko in Petra Mišmaš. “Slovenian verbs: structure, stress and allomorphy”, predavanje na Univerzi v Illinoisu, Urbana-Champaign (na spletu) (12. 10. 2020).

Simonović, Marko in Petra Mišmaš. “Think globally, act locally”, poster na konferenci SinFonIJA 13 (13th conference on Syntax, Phonology, and Language Analysis), Raziskovalni inštitut za jezikoslovje Madžarske akademije znanosti (na spletu) (24. 9. 2020).

Simonović, Marko in Petra Mišmaš. “Verb wasn’t built in a cycle (it was built in two)” predavanje na konferenci The 2020 Slavic Linguistics Society Meeting, Univerza Indiana (na spletu) (4. 9. 2020)

Simonović, Marko in Boban Arsenijević. “Linearisation without hierarchy: Transitive roots and Phasal spellout”, predavanje na konferenci Formal Aproaches to Slavic Languages 29, Univerza v Washingtonu (na spletu) (10. 5. 2020).

Antonyuk, Svitlana, Boban Arsenijević, Stefano Quaglia, Marko Simonović. “Allomorphy, morphological operations and the order of Slavic verb-prefixes”, predavanje na konferenci Formal Aproaches to Slavic Languages 29, Univerza v Wasahingtonu (10. 5. 2020).

Simonović, Marko in Petra Mišmaš. “En ali več morfem-ov?”, vabljeno predavanje na Lingvističnem krožku, Filozofska fakulteta Univerze v Ljubljani (17. 2. 2020).


Petra Mišmaš, Marko Simonović (2022) Netožilniški glagoli, tematski vokali in slovenščina. V Gjoko Nikolovski in Natalija Ulčnik (ur.) Slavistična prepletanja 1. Maribor: Univerza v Mariboru, Univerzitetna založba. 21-36. (www)

Simonović, Marko, Petra Mišmaš (2022) Lowest theme vowels or highest roots? An 'unaccusative' theme-vowel class in Slovenian. Glossa 7(1). (www)

Marušič, Franc, Rok Žaucer (2021) Investigation of Slovenian copular agreement. Festschrift for Peter Kosta. Selected Proceedings of SLS 14, in Honor of Peter Kosta. V Alan Timberlake in Steven Franks (ur.). Berlin: Peter Lang. Series Potsdamer Linguistic Investigations. (www)

Marušič, Franc, Rok Žaucer, Amanda Saksida, Jessica Sullivan, Dimitrios Skordos, Yiqiao Wang, David Barner (2021) Do children derive exact meanings pragmatically? Evidence from a dual morphology language. Cognition 207. (www)

Simonović, Marko in Petra Mišmaš (2020) √ov Is in the Air: The Extreme Multifunctionality of the Slovenian Affix ov. Linguistica 60.1: 83–102.

Simonović, Marko (2020) Categories, Root Complexes and Default Stress: Slovenian Nominalizations Revisited. Linguistica 60.1: 103-117. (www)

Arsenijević, Boban (2020) Deverbal nouns in -ie and their variation across the South Slavic area. Linguistica 60.1: 7-29. (www)

Mišmaš, Petra, Marko Simonović, Boban Arsenijević, Stefan Milosavljević, Agnieszka Będkowska-Kopczyk, Petya Rogić in Svitlana Antonyuk-Yudina (2020) Plavanje da, zaplavanje ne?: obrazilo -je v glagolnikih in drugih okoljih v vseslovanskem kontekstu. V Šekli, Matej in Lidija Rezoničnik (ur.) Slovenski jezik in književnost v srednjeevropskem prostoru. (Slovenski slavistični kongres, Gradec/Graz in Maribor, 1.–3. oktober, 8.-9. oktober 2020), (Zbornik Slavističnega društva Slovenije, 30). Ljubljana: Zveza društev Slavistično društvo Slovenije. 221–231. (www)

Simonović, Marko in Boban Arsenijević (2020) Syntax predicts prosody: Multi-purpose morphemes in Serbo-Croatian. V Marušič, Franc, Petra Mišmaš, Rok Žaucer (ur.) Advances in Formal Slavic Linguistics 2017. Berlin: Language Science Press. pp. 277–304. (pdf)

Simonović, Marko in René Kager (2020) Serbo-Croatian is developing stem-based prosody. Why so?. V Marušič, Franc, Petra Mišmaš, Rok Žaucer (ur.) Advances in Formal Slavic Linguistics 2017. Berlin: Language Science Press. pp. 305–322. (pdf)